John Woolcott of Watertown MA, 1599-1638
Revised November 2017
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The second Wolcott family in the American colonies was that of John Woolcott, who immigrated to America in 1634. John was a son of Edward Woolcott of Axbridge, Somerset, mercer and mayor of Axbridge, by his wife Marie Phippen. Edward was a son of John Wolcott of Tolland, son of Thomas Wolcott of Tolland, son of Thomas Wolcott of Tolland, and was therefore a second cousin of Henry Wolcott who immigrated in 1630. The Woolcott spelling used by early generations of this family is a variant spelling of Wolcott, the spelling used by most American Wolcotts today. Woolcott continues to be the preferred spelling in England.
(1) John Woolcott, b. Axbridge, Somerset, 1599, d. 1638 Watertown MA. After the death of his first wife, Mary Wrentmore, John immigrated to America on the Recovery of London, which departed from Weymouth, Dorset, in 1634. He was admitted as a freeman of Cambridge MA in 1635. His daughters, Elizabeth and Mary, either came with him, or followed soon after. Shortly after arriving in America, John Woolcott married Winifred Longman Crawford of Watertown. She was the widow of John Crawford who drowned in the Charles River in 1634. Winifred had two children from her first marriage, Martha and Rebecca. John's surname was usually spelled Woolcott, a spelling that some of his descendants continued using.
John was probably the John Woolcut who owned property at Salem MA in 1635, when William Lord of Salem bought from John Woolcut a house in Salem built by Francis Higginson and later occupied by Roger Williams. The Baptist leader, Roger Williams, was ordered expelled from Salem in 1635, and fled to Rhode Island in January of 1636. The sale of his house was apparently part of the process of forcing him to leave. John purchased the property from Mrs. Higginson of Charlestown, the town directly adjacent to Cambridge, part of which became Watertown.
John Woolcott of Watertown died in 1638, and an inventory of his estate was taken at Salem. In that same year his daughters, Elizabeth and Mary Wolcott, petitioned to have their uncles, Richard Vayle of Glaston, Somerset, yeoman, and Christopher Atkins, mercer, act as guardians of their lands at Glastonbury, Somerset. These lands were apparently entailed to the children of John and his first wife. A note in the margin of this document reads, "write to Henry Wolcott of Windsor in NE at M. George Searle, mercer, in Tanton, and Edward Woolcott of Axbridge in Somerset, mercer, they to be made guardians." John Woolcott left a large debt of 388 pounds owed to Edmund White of London, which may have been borrowed by John Crawford or John Woolcott for speculating in land in America. Winifred repaid the debt in 1641 by deeding to Edmund White eight properties at Watertown, totalling 160 acres, which she and John owned at the time of his death.
Winifred, widow of John Woolcott, deceased, was recorded as a grantee of 6 acres in the town plot and of a farm of 183 acres, and was a proprietor of this and four additional lots of land at Watertown in 1644. Winifred later married Thomas Allyn of Barnstable MA. In 1649, Thomas Allyn and his wife, Winifred, signed another deed giving properties at Watertown, including a house that had been Winifred's, to Edmund White of London. This appears to have been the same properties Winifred signed over in 1641, so the 1649 deed was probably a quit claim signed after her marriage to Thomas Allyn. Thomas Allyn died in 1679. His will, dated 1675, mentions his children, Samuel, John, and Mehitable Annabelle, and Samuel's son, Thomas. Samuel Allyn, was born in 1644, and John Allyn in 1646. Thomas' daughter, Mehitable was born in 1648 and married Samuel Annabel in 1667. Some or all of these children may have been from a first wife, for Samuel Allyn was born about the same time that Winifred Wolcott was recorded as a widow living at Watertown. Thomas Allyn's will also mentions his "daughter-in-law", Sarah, William Clark's wife, and Martha, Benjamin's wife, and his "daughter-in-law" Rebecca, wife of Samuel Sprague. These "daughters-in-law" were the children of Winifred by her previous marriages. Winifred's daughter, Rebecca Crawford, born about 1633, married Samuel Sprague at Boston in 1655. This couple were living at Malden MA in 1662. Samuel Sprague died in 1696, and Rebecca then married Capt. John Browne, dying in 1710 at age 77. Sarah Clark was the child of Winifred and John Wolcott.
John Woolcott of Watertown is almost certainly the father of John Woolcott of Newbury, although no clear documentary evidence has yet been found. John Woolcott of Watertown married Winifred sometime after the death of Winifred's first husband in August of 1634, so children of his by Winifred would have been born between May of 1635 and April of 1639. John Woolcott of Newbury married in Nov. 1653, so would have been 18 at the time of his marriage if he was born in 1636. A case from the Essex County Quarterly Court files dated 1664 gives the age of John of Newbury as "about 30", so he was born "about" 1634. A birth date of 1635 or 1636 would not be unlikely. John Woolcott was not mentioned in Thomas Allyn's will as Winifred's two daughters were. If Winifred remarried in 1649 when she and Thomas Allyn signed over her Waterford property, John would have been about 15 when his mother remarried, the right age to have begun an apprenticeship. He was apparently apprenticed to Richard Thurlay, carpenter, his future father-in-law.
The evidence for this relationship of John of Newberry to John of Watertown is that the younger John Woolcott of Newbury sold land at Newbury to Nathaniel Clark, son of William Clark who married Sarah Woolcott, daughter of John of Watertown; and that John of Newbury owned land at Watertown at the time of his death. The dates, locations, circumstances, and DNA evidence are also right for this relationship, and there were no other Wolcotts or Woolcotts known to have been in the area who are not already well documented.
(2) Elizabeth Woolcott, bapt. 1622 at Glastonbury, Somerset, accompanied or followed her father to Massachusetts. Elizabeth Woolcott, married David Offley of Boston c.1639. Although his residence is usually given as Boston, David Offley lived at Plymouth in 1643 and was the proprietor of a "homestall" of 16 acres at Watertown MA in 1644. No children are known.
(2) Mary Woolcott, bapt. 1624 Glastonbury, Somerset, accompanied or followed her father to Massachusetts. Mary was living in 1638, but no record has been found of her marrying.
(2) Martha Woolcott, bapt. 1629, Axbridge, Somerset. Both Martha and her mother seem to have died shortly after her birth.
(2) Sarah Woolcott, b. 1635-9 Watertown MA; m. William Clark 1659 Plymouth MA.
(2) John Woolcott Jr., b. c.1636, d. 1690 Brookfield MA, carpenter. John first appears in the records of Newbury MA in 1653 when John Woolcott and his future father-in-law, Richard Thurlow, voted against the expenditure of 24L a year for a free school at Newbury. As both were carpenters, it appears that John was Richard's apprentice and probably lived in his home. John married Richard's daughter, Mary Thurlow, later that year. In 1653 the general court of Massachusetts issued an order proscribing preaching by individuals who were not approved by the elders of four neighboring churches or the county court. Lt. Robert Pike of Salisbury MA objected to the order as being an infringement upon the rights and privileges of freemen. He was summoned to the general court, where he was disenfranchised, banned from public office, fined, and required to post bond to ensure good behavior. Citizens of Haverhill, Andover, Hampton, Salisbury, and Newbury filed petitions asking that his punishment be revoked. John Wolcott was one of 39 men from Newbury who signed the petition in 1654. The court ordered an investigation of the signers. John Woolcott and seven other men of Newbury who refused to retract their complaint were fined for their action.
John Woolcott signed a petition to settle at Pennacook NH. He was one of several petitioners from Newbury who in 1659 received a grant of land eight miles square on the Saco River near Wells ME. In November of 1659 John contracted to buy 200 acres of land with a house and barn at Wells ME from Thomas Kimball of Hampton NH, who sued him for half the purchase price in Essex Court in 1662. There is nothing to indicate that he ever lived there, except a reference which says that John was a witness at Wells in 1660. Although he later contracted to do some building there, he apparently found the location uninviting and returned to Newbury. In 1662 John was censored and fined for sitting in the front pew of the Newbury parish church. After considerable litigation he was assigned a "foreseat in the north row". This happened again in 1669, and this time John Woolcott and Peter Tappan complained that the selectmen, without consulting the town, had placed a pew in front of another occupied by "some who paid considerable sums to the building both of the meeting house and the galleries", apparently the complaintants. John's father-in-law was also involved in dissention within the church. In 1671 he participated in an attempt to remove the pastor, Thomas Parker, from office. The attempt failed, and Richard Thurlay was fined 4 nobles.
John was regularly involved in litigation. His father- in-law had constructed a bridge over the Parker River between Newbury and Rowley, in 1654. A new bridge was funded in 1661. Ezekiel Northend and John Picard subcontracted the work to John Woolcott. This bridge was said by them to be inadequate when completed in 1662. John agreed to make alterations, and in 1663 the court ordered the county treasurer to make final payment to him, but he was not paid until 1664. In 1666 Northend and Picard sued John for witholding money due them, but their suits failed. In 1664 John Woolcott of Newbury, carpenter, contracted to build a mill for Walter Barefoot and Robert Wadleigh in ME. Among Wadleigh's disbursements for the sawmill on the Lamprill River in an accounting dated 1664 was 40L to John Woolcott for wages. Nathaniel Clark bought 7 acres of land at Newbury from John Wolcott in 1664. In 1666 John was also sued twice for non payment or underpayment of wages, and lost both suits. An undated entry in Essex County court also records the suit of William Waldron vs. John Woolcott, Sr. of Newbury, with a move for dismissal.
John owned a homestead of 100 acres at Newbury. Some time before 1661 he also bought 300 acres in Rowley from a Mr. Nelson for 200 pounds. Half of this amount was to have been paid off by building a house and a barn on Nelson's land at Merrimack by the end of 1663. The balance was to be paid in corn and livestock. In October of 1661 John sold half the land to a Nicholas Wallington. He built the house and barn, but evidence was given in 1667 of bad workmanship and late completion. Testimony was also given of only partial payment of the balance. John tried to discredit two of the witnesses. There was also dispute over a boundary line and John was accused of stealing a document from Nelson. John countersued Nelson for selling land that was not his and lost the suit. Wallington sued John for non-performance, and he too lost.
John and Mary Woolcott purchased land at Haverhill from John Hazeltine in 1673. They sold this land to a Nathaniel Chaney for 30L in 1674. John served as Deputy Constable in 1666. In 1669 he was taken to court by his apprentice, William Harrison, for not fulfilling their contract. In 1671 he was involved in an attempt to remove the Newbury pastor. In 1675 John bought a parcel of land adjoining his own, giving mortgages to a John Knight and John Atkinson. By 1682 he had sold this land to Atkinson for 50L. There was a dispute over the amount, but John prevailed. In 1682 John and Joseph Woolcott, apparently the sons, were accused of taking cordwood from Joseph Atkinson. The Woolcotts insisted that the wood was theirs.
In 1679 John Wilcott of Newbury, millwright, contracted to build a windmill at Marblehead for William Bowditch
and several associates for 160 pounds. When completed, the structure and workings were
found to be inadequate, and the Marblehead men refused to pay, whereupon John filed suit for payment. John and his son, John, testified that Bowditch had not shown up
at meetings to evaluate the work, and that Bowditch's associates had signed
releases. John countersued Bowditch and lost, and was subsequently fined for
not prosecuting his appeal.
He took the oath of allegiance in 1678. Regulations issued by the town of Newbury in 1682 indicate that John Woolcott's residence was in the "third range of sheep", lying between the Mill Bridge and Trotters Bridge, near the upper Green. The records show that he owned 54 sheep in 1683. John sold 50 acres of his homestead and freehold rights at Newbury in 1687 for 250L, reserving two freehold lots. He sold another 30 acres of land in north Newbury for 30L.
John then moved his family to Brookfield MA, where his son,
John, had settled the previous year. The deed to his land-grant at Brookfield, dated 1687,
reads "granted to Mr. Woolcott 40 acres of upland bounded West by his son
John's land." He had another 20 acres adjoining the land of his son, Joseph. He died three years later. John's will, recorded at Northampton MA, reads: "John Woolcot
of Squabaug alias Brookfield, his last wil & testamt as followg. Dated in
Brookfield this 21 day of Septr 1690. This by the will of Mr. John Woolcot is
given to his daughter Mary fifteen pound and to his daughter Sarah fifteen pound
and to his daughter Elizabeth thirty pound wch Legacy is to be paid as my wife
is able or she shall se cause & al the Rest of my goods I leave wth my wife
for her life tyme & maintenance & after her death to be divided among
my three daughters wch are unmarried equally among ym And to my Two sons my
two pieces of Land at Newbury and my farm at Watertown wch Lands is to be divided
equally between ym And I give my Two sons al my Land & meadow here onely
my son John is to have this part where the house standeth And as for Jeames
I leave him wth my wife for her life & after her decease to be free...."
The estate amounted to something over 700L. The family quarrelled over distribution
of the estate, and the court assigned sole distribution to his widow, Mary.
A year later, an accord was reached and ratified by the court. Apparently John
received the larger share, for Joseph remonstrated so violently that he was
hauled into court and fined for his actions. Subsequently, John, Jr., and Joseph,
with the widow, Mary assenting, sold 22 acres of common land at Newbury for
(3) Mary Woolcott, b. 1654 Newbury MA, d. c.1700.
(3) Sarah Woolcott, b. 1657 Newbury MA, d. 1717 Rehoboth MA; m. Thomas Chadwick of Newbury 1674 Newbury MA. At the Ipswich Quarterly Court, Sarah, daughter of John Wilcott, was presented for having a child born in March, Thomas Chadock being the reputed father, witnesses Elizabeth Browne, midwife, and Mary, wife of John Wilcot. They married shortly thereafter and Thomas gave "satisfaction" to the church at Newbury. They moved to Watertown MA in 1678.
(3) dau., b. 1659, d. 1659 Newbury MA.
(3) John Woolcott III, b. 1660 Newbury MA, at age 15 was one of Capt. Appleton's Troopers, who were sent in September 1675 on an expedition to protect the settlements on the Connecticut river then menaced by the Indians. As the line of march took the company through Brookfield, it is likely that he was favorably impressed with the location where he afterwards made his home. His name is found on military rosters of February and August 1676 during the Naragansett Conflict. His service may have not been entirely voluntary, because in August of 1676 an order was issued to the Constable of Marblehead to impress six men for military service, one being John Woolcott. The following year John Wilcott of Newbury is listed as having been paid 4L 10s for military service in King Phillips War. His family was paid this amount by the town of Marblehead for his being absent on military duty. In 1676 John and Mary Wilcott gave testimony at Marblehead, giving their ages as 24 and 18 respectively, possibly a first wife who died shortly thereafter. Both John and his father took the Oath of Allegiance at Newbury in 1678, giving their ages as 18 and 45 respectively. In 1680 John Woollcot, aged 19, gave testimony concerning a windmill built at Marblehead by his father, John Woolcott of Newbury. John married (2) Johanna Emerson in 1684, recorded at Newbury and Ipswich.
John settled at Brookfield MA in 1686 with his brother, Joseph, and four other men, and soon built a house. Their father joined them the following year. In the fall of 1688, as appears from Major Pynchon's diary, Mr. Woolcott was in charge of the garrison then stationed at Brookfield, probably consisting of he and his brother and neighbors defending his fortified house. He was granted a license to run a public house at
Brookfield in 1693, which he probably did in his home. Some time before 1717 he built a gristmill at Brookfield which he operated. In 1718 he also built a sawmill
on the Five Mile River, for which he was granted 40 acres of upland at Brookfield. His land holdings were extensive,
and in 1717 he was the sixth wealthiest man in town. He was a leading man in civil affairs, selectman in 1727, and active in the church. He built a larger house in 1723, part of which was a tavern. He and his wife transferred
all his property, including the tavern, to their son, Nathaniel, in 1747, "for his kindness to us in our old age".
(4?) Jonathan Woolcott, b. c. 1678. In 1734, Jacob Symonds drew land at Amhurst, Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire, for Jabez Crocker on the claim of Jonathan, son of John Walcot of Marblehead, based on his military service. Amhurst was created by land grants given to soldiers who had participated in King Philip's War. Jabez Crocker, who resided then at Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, was the son of John III's sister, Hannah, who married Samuel Crocker in 1697. Jonathan may have been the son of John and his first wife, Mary.
(4) Joanna Woolcott, b. 1687 Newbury MA, d. 1751; m. Samuel Wheeler 1704 Brookfield MA, great-grandson of Pilgrim, William White.
(4) Ruth Woolcott, b. c.1693, d. 1723 Brookfield, unmarried.
(4) John Woolcott IV, b. 1695 Brookfield MA; mentioned in Rev. Fisk's "Historical Discourse": "Oct. 13, 1708, early in the morning, John Wolcott, a lad about 12 or 14 years old, was riding in search of the cows when the Indians fired at him, killed his horse under him, and took him prisoner.... John Wolcott, the lad above mentioned, was carried to Canada where he remained six or seven years, during which time by conversing wholly with Indians he not only entirely lost his native language but became so naturalized to the savages as to be unwilling for a while to return to his native country." He returned to Brookfield and was granted 40 acres at Brookfield 1718, 60 more in 1719, 20 more in 1720, and 80 more in 1721; served in Capt. Wright's Co. 1723-5; reported killed by Indians on the upper Connecticut River in 1728 while returning from a hunting trip with a cargo of furs. He is now believed to have deserted his family and returned to live among the Indians.
He may have lived at Wilcott Island above Fort 4 on the Connecticut River. The town of Allenstown, granted to the Allen family in 1722, was first settled by John Wolcutt, Andrew Smith, Daniel Evans and Robert Buntin, who with others were there previous to 1748. In 1747 Bunton and his ten year old son, Andrew, were captured on the west bank of the Merrimack River by Indians and taken to Canada from where they escaped eleven months later, an event similar to John's youth.
John Wilcott m. his sister-in-law, Dinah Walker, 1727 Brookfield MA. Dinah Woolcott m. (2) Peter Rice 1730 Brookfield MA. John is thought to have taken another wife after returning to the wilderness, and raised a son, John Wolcott, and possibly other children.
An article about this, published in the April 2008 Wolcott Family Newsletter, appears below:
THE ILLUSIVE WILCOTTS
Our Wolcott DNA project has established some genetic patterns, one of which connects several of our "missing link" families to the Wolcotts of Brookfield, Massachusetts. Most of these families spelled their surnames "Wilcott" in the early records. Most of their descendants later used the "Wolcott" spelling and definitely carry Wolcott DNA. These "missing links" start in 1772 when a John Wilcott appeared in Pennsylvania and Abner Wilcott appeared in Connecticut. DNA tests of their descendants show that John and Abner's descendants had identical DNA. The ages are such that it is probable that Abner was John's eldest son. Abner was born in 1747, so John would have been born about 1725. Another missing link family, that of Barnabas Wilcott of Pennsylvania, shares the same markers, and he was probably a younger son of John. In addition to the unique DNA markers these families share, they also carry a marker that is specific to the Brookfield Woolcotts. Woolcotts at Brookfield are few in number and quite well documented. There are very few Brookfield Woolcott males who could have been John's ancestor.
John Woolcott, born at Brookfield in 1695, aroused our interest as a possible ancestor to these missing links. His is a very interesting story: "Early on the morning of October 13, 1708, John Woolcot, a lad of about 12 or 14 years old, was riding in search of the cows, when the Indians fired at him, killed his horse under him and took him prisoner…. John Woolcot, the lad above mentioned, was carried to Canada, where he remained for six or seven years, during which time, by conversing wholly with the Indians, he not only entirely lost his native language, but became so naturalized to the savages, as to be unwilling for a while to return to his native country. Some years afterwards, viz. in March 1728, in a time of peace, he and another man having been hunting, and coming down the Connecticut River with a freight of skins and fur, they were hailed by some Indians; but not being willing to go to them, they steered for another shore. The Indians landed at a little distance from them, several shots were exchanged, at length Woolcot was killed.”
When John returned from Canada in 1718, he was given 40 acres of land. The following year he was granted another 100, a year later another 70, and a year after this another 70 acres. In 1724 his father gave or sold him 41 additional acres at Brookfield, in which deed he is referred to as a "husbandman" or farmer. Six years later, in October 1727, he acquired a wife, the sister of his younger brother' wife. It was only a few months later that John went up the Connecticut River on the hunting expedition from which he never returned. In June 1728 his wife delivered a son whom she named John. It is our opinion, based on historical and DNA evidence, that John IV probably did not die on the Connecticut River in 1728, as had been reported, but instead went back to the Indians with whom he had lived for many years. The subsequent tale of his death in a fight with the Indians was probably a story to explain his disappearance.
Silas, son of John Wilcott of Pennsylvania, served in the Revolutionary War. His widow applied for a military pension in 1840, saying that Silas had been born in New Hampshire. The upper Connecticut River where John of Brookfield went on his last hunting trip in 1728 led right up to New Hampshire. An account of settlers at Charlestown, New Hampshire, being captured by Indians in 1754, says that they were taken up the Connecticut River to Canada. On the first day of their abduction, they moved ten miles up the river "to the upper end of Wilcott's Island", where they crossed the river on rafts. An article in the New England Gazeteer, dated 1839, says that there were three islands in the Connecticut River near Charlestown, New Hampshire, a ten acre island called Sartwell's island, and two smaller island of about six acres each, with rich, loamy soil This island is now quite small, but it may have suffered considerable erosion in the past centuries. It seems a likely spot to have harbored John Woolcott, a possibly native wife, and their children. John is said to have been fluent in the Algonquin language, which was spoken by the native people of this area. If this is correct, John apparently spent the latter part of his life as a hunter and trapper on the upper Connecticut River, avoiding contact with his Brookfield family.
The upper Connecticut River was the home of the St. Francis tribe of the Western Abenaki Indians. This tribe numbered about 1,800 members at the time, having been decimated by diseases brought by the European settlers. Their headquarters was the village of St. Francis on the St. Francis River, which joins the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec. At this time it was a village of about 40 homes, with a Catholic church and a resident Jesuit priest. From the village of St. Francis, the St. Francis River went south to a portage trail that connected with the Connecticut River, forming an important Indian trail between Connecticut and Quebec. The St. Francis tribe spoke the Algonquin language, but many also spoke a little English and French. They regarded the upper Connecticut Valley as their tribal hunting grounds, and seem to have had a penchant for raiding the English settlements to the south for loot and for captives whom they took as slaves, adopted into their families, or sold to the French to be ransomed back to the English.
A typical story of the time is that of Jonathan Dore, a twelve year old boy captured by the St. Francis Indians in 1746. In 1759 "he suddenly made his appearance in Rochester, after an absence of thirteen years and a half. His story was as follows: He "was treated kindly and adopted into the St. Francis tribe, to which his captors belonged. He married an Indian girl at an early age, and had several children. He acquired the habits and disposition of an Indian, and almost forgot that he was descended from another race. He bore a part in all the cruelties at the taking of Fort William Henry. A white man whom he was pursuing turned upon him just in season to arrest the descending tomahawk, and then Dore saw a face which had been familiar to him in the days of childhood. The recollection of his father's fireside and the happy scenes of his boyhood instantly rushed upon his mind; his arm fell by his side; he walked back to the fort overpowered by the long-forgotten associations so unexpectedly and so vividly revived within him, and took no further part in that horrible tragedy. From that time he thought often of his boyhood home, but his wife and children bound him to the Indians with ties too strong to be severed." Jonathan's wife and children, with most of the Indian residents of the village of St. Francis, were slaughtered by New Hampshire’s Rogers' Rangers in 1759 and he returned to his people.
The origins of Charlestown, New Hampshire, ten miles down the Connecticut River from Wilcott's Island, began in 1738 when Township Number 4, then the northernmost English settlement on the Connecticut River, was chartered. White settlers arrived in 1740 and came to number 8 or 10 families. Relations between these settlers and the natives were quite good until 1744 when the conflict between the English and the French, known as King George's War, began. At that time the Indians moved north and the area became a war zone. By 1760 the French had been defeated, the natives had been driven into the wilderness, and a wave of British settlement advanced north and west, pushing the Indians before them. John IV would have been 49 in 1744 when war began, and his presumed son, John Wilcott of Pennsylvania, about 15. There is no record of them at Township Number 4, so they probably went with the Indians to Canada, or west into the New York wilderness.
Here, John of Pennsylvania, would have come of age and married. His known sons, Paul, born 1752, Silas born in New Hampshire in 1755, John, born 1759, and David, born 1762, have descendants who share the Brookfield DNA marker, and two additional markers found only in their descendants. The two additional markers are not found in descendants of John 's first son, John Woolcott, born at Brookfield in 1728. All three of these markers are found in descendants of John's other sons, as well as in descendants of Abner Wilcott, born 1747, and Barnabas Wilcott, born in Pennsylvania in 1767, both of whose parents were previously unknown. This DNA and the birth dates indicate that these six men were probably all siblings. All these children's names are Biblical names. Silas and Barnabas were disciples of the apostle, Paul, and Abner was the general who introduced David to King Saul's court. Several of the names are not found previously in any American Wolcott families, indicating a complete separation of the family from their Wolcott relatives and probable religious training by the Jesuits who ministered to the natives.
This suggests that John left his island home in New Hampshire and moved west into New York, and down into Pennsylvania, arriving between 1755 and 1770. A legal hearing in 1810 contained testimony that "Wilcott was the only settler in Penn's Valley in 1772." Penn's Valley is a beautiful valley on the West Branch of the Susquehanna River. This area was ceded to the British by the Indians in the Treaty of 1768. In 1773, John Wilcott was one of five men appointed to lay out a road from there to Sunbury, a settlement at the confluence of the north and west branches of the Susquehanna River. In 1776 John Wilcott was one of 54 men from the area who signed a request for arms to defend themselves against the British and the Indians. In 1778 he was listed at Bald Eagle, with two horses and four cows. He had apparently left his Indian contacts behind and become a part of the European settlement.
All of John's probable sons seem to have been roving frontiersman types. Abner married in Connecticut, went with his wife's family to New Haven Township, then in New Hampshire, in what had been the St. Francis Abenaki tribal lands. There they became Loyalists and settled in Quebec on an island in the St. Lawrence River. The second son, Paul, served in the Continental Army, married in Pennsylvania, and moved to Ontario, Canada with his wife's family. The third son, Silas, was known as "a great hunter", served in the Continental Army, married in Pennsylvania, and moved up the Susquehanna to the wilderness of New York where he was one of only two white settlers. Fourth son, John, served in the Continental Army, married, and lived on an island in the Susquehanna River which had been an Indian trading spot. He moved into the wilderness of Kentucky about 1800, were he remarried and raised a family. Fifth son, David, moved over the mountains into Ohio shortly after 1800. Barnabas moved to North Carolina before 1790, and then to Kentucky about 1800. All spelled their name Wilcott on their earliest records, although most later switched to Wolcott.
(5) John, son of John Woolcoott and Dinah Walker, b. 1728 Brookfield, after his father's death or disappearance; in 1743 his step-father, Peter Rice was appointed to be guardian of John Wolcott, son of John Wolcott, deceased, about age 15. John signed a petition to create a Second precinct in Brookfield in 1748. He served in Capt. Burk's Company in 1756, and marched to the relief of Ft. William Henry in Capt. Upham's company in 1757, during the French
& Indian Wars; he was administrator of his son Timothy's estate in 1779; m. Experience Walker, Brookfield MA. 1790 Brookfield,
Worchester Co. MA.
(6) Timothy Woolcott, b. 1749 Brookfield MA, d. 1778; farmer; he was a member of the Brookfield militia and marched to the Lexington alarm of April, 1775 in Capt. Ithmar Wright's Company from Brookfield, serving 8 days. On 3 May 1775 he and his brother, Solomon, enlisted for 8 months as Corporals in Capt. John Granger's Company, Col. Ebenezer Learned's Regt.. This unit fought at Bunker Hill, although no rosters of this event have been found. In 1776 Private Timothy Wilcott served in Capt. Thomas Wellington's Co., 2nd MA Inf. Bde.. In 1776 Congress provided for the formation of a regular army , providing for enlistmen of men to serve during the war. A bounty of 20 pounds was to be paid at time of enlistment, and enlisted men were to receive 100 acres of public lands. Among those who enlisted for 3 years was Timothy Woolcott. He was assigned to Capt. Fish's Co., Col. William Shepherd's 4th Regt., Massachusetts Line, for a term of 3 years and was in this unit at Valley Forge in Dec. 1777. When the Continental Army left Valley Forge they moved to Monmouth, New Jersey, where they attacked the British column leaving Monmouth. The battle was fought to a standstill and the British withdrew, but Timothy sustained wounds at Winrock Creek in June 1778 from which he died.
Timothy's widow filed for administration of his estate in 1779:
"Hon. Sirs, My Last Husband Timothy Woolcott of this town died in the Army
last July and has left some property that although small its necessary that
administration should be taken upon it. I am poor and helpless with several
small children and cannot undertake it so desire you would appoint my father-in-law
John Woolcott administrator of it and you will oblige your humble servant. Meriam
Woolcot." The estate was valued at 140 pounds and after the debts were
paid the widow received utensils and furniture valued at 62 pounds; m. (1) Miriam
Walker, his cousin, 1772 Brookfield MA. Miriam Woolcot m. (2) John Hamond of
Western MA 1788.
(7) Sewall Wolcott, b. c.1773 Brookfield MA, d. 1815 Holderness NH; paid a poll tax and a tax on his horse at Barnet VT in 1792 and witnessed a deed there the same year; schoolmaster at Meredith NH 1797-1804; bought land at New Holderness from Thomas Crosby 1798, which he mortgaged to Emerson Wolcott of Barnet VT in 1800. Emerson deeded it back to him in a deed signed the same day but not recorded until 1805, probably when the money was repaid. Emerson, son of Nathaniel Wolcot, was at Barnet from 1790 to 1810. Sewall was hogreeve at Holderness 1801, tythingman 1805. Sewall Walcott, Cpl., enlisted in the NH militia 1814 from Holderness, for 60 days. He died the following year. His will, dated and proved 1815, leaves his property to his wife, Abiah, and his eldest son, Sewall, $150 to his second son Emerson, $150 each to his sons Enoch, Milton, and Russell when they reach the age of 17, and provision for his daughters, Sally, Eliza Jane, and Lydia Varney, and household furnishings when the girls marry. An inventory was taken of his estate showing 100 acres of land, 1 pr. of oxen, 3 cows, 3 yearlings, 2 horses and 13 sheep. Abiah and Sewall, Jr., sold 78 acres at Holderness in 1816, and another 27 acres there in 1817; m. Abiah Danforth 1793 Meredith NH. 1800-10 New Holderness, Grafton Co. NH. 1850 Eaton NH: Abiah with dau., Sally.
(7) Emerson Wolcott, b. c.1775.
(7) Hazen Wolcott.
(6) Experience Wolcott, b. 1751 Brookfield MA; m. Solomon Chandler 1776 Brookfield MA.
(6) Solomon Woolcott, b. 1753 Brookfield MA, d. c.1830 ME; Rev. War service: Cpl. MA Line, in Capt. John Woolcott's Rangers, marched from Brookfield to the Lexington alarm of 1775; applied for pension 1818 at Cumberland Co. ME. On 1820 vet. was age 66 and residing in Minot ME with wife Lydia age 65; m. Lydia Bodwell of Methuen MA 1778 Methuen MA. 1787 Bakerstown (later named Poland), Cumberland Co. ME. 1790 Bakerstown ME. 1798 Solomon owned land at Poland ME. 1810-20 Minot, Cumberland Co. ME .
(7) Rev. Timothy Wolcott, b. 1778 Brookfield MA, d. 1854 Kennebunk ME, bur. Unitarian churcyard: "45 yrs. a minister of the gospel", compiler of hymn book, "A Sellection of Hymns & Spiritual Songs for Those who Wish to Praise God", published 1817; m. Jane Welcome 1799 Minot, Cumberland Co. ME. 1830 at Somersworth, Stratford Co. NH. 1840 Bridgeton, Cumberland Co. ME. 1850 Kennebunkport ME .
(7) Ruth Wolcott, b. 1780 Methuen MA; m. Amos Downing 1804 Minot ME.
(7) John Wolcott, b. 1783 Methuen MA. He was a farmer at Minot ME and Paris MA; m. Anne Holmes c.1822. 1810-20 Minot, Cumberland Co. ME. 1830-40 Paris, Oxford Co. ME.
(7) James Bodwell Wolcott, b. 1785 Methuen MA.
(7) Lydia Wolcott, b. 1787 Poland ME; m. James Hackett 1813 Minot ME.
(7) Solomon Wolcott, b. 1789 Poland, Cumberland Co. ME, d. 1868 Poland ME. War of 1812 service in Capt. Reynold's Co., MA militia; m. Eunice. 1830-60 Poland ME.
(7) Charles Wolcott, b. 1791 Poland ME.
(7) William Wolcott, b. 1794 Poland ME, d. 1871 Oxford ME; worked in the cloth making industry at Oxford ME; m. Lydia ____. 1820 Portland, Cumberland Co. ME. 1830 Rumford, Oxford Co. ME. 1840 Mt. Vernon, Kennebeck Co. ME. 1850 Oxford, Oxford Co. ME. 1860 Haverhill MA.
(6) Joseph Wolcott, b. 1755 Brookfield MA, d. c.1784. Joseph Wi. m. Prudence Denton 1780 Sturbridge MA; Prudence Wi. of Sturbridge MA, widow, m. William Sanders of Charlton MA 1785.
(7) Betsy Wolcott, b. 1781 Dudley MA.
(6) Sarah Wolcott, b. 1761 Brookfield MA.
(6) John Wolcott VI, b. 1766 Brookfield MA, m. Elizabeth "Sally" Croff of Western MA 1787 Brimfield MA; possibly m. (2) Hannah Gilbert 1792 Brookfield MA. 1790-1800 Brookfield MA. 1810-20 Minot ME.
(7) Olive Wolcott, b. c.1794.
(7) Phila Wolcott, b. c.1796.
(7) Betsy Wolcott, b. c.1798.
(7) Lyman Wolcott, b. 1798 Palmer MA; m. Elvira Gates c, 1828.
1830-40 Palmer MA. 1860 Ware MA: Lyman Wolcott, 60. Alvira Wolcott received a pension for the service of Capt. Lyman Wolcott in the Massachusetts militia during the War of 1812.
(6) Joshua Wolcott, b. 1768 Brookfield MA; m. Nancy ___. 1810 Buckstown, Hancock Co. ME: Nancy Wa.
(7) Joshua Wolcott Jr., twin, b. 1802 Castine, Hancock Co. ME.
(7) Nancy Wolcott, twin, b. 1802 Castine, Hancock Co. ME .
(6) Eunice Wolcott, b. 1770 Brookfield MA, d. Sparta NY; m. Ezra Croff, her brother-in-law, 1789 Brookfield MA.
(5) John Wolcott/Wilcott, c.1730-c.1780. According to the History of Center County Pennsylvania (John B. Linn, 1884), John Wilcot was the first settler in the present township of Potter, which was organized in 1774. It is located in central Pennsylvania in the Appalachian Mountains, and was officially opened to settlers in 1769. In a court case, Miles v. Potter and Barber, 1810, it is recorded that George McCormick testified: "Wilcot was the only settler in Penn's Valley in 1772. He lived where Earlytown now is." Earlytown is also in Potter Township. John Wilcott was one of five men appointed in 1773 to lay out the road from the east end of the Great Plain west to Sunbury. The Great Plain is adjacent to Penns Valley. John Wilcott was one of the 54 men of Bald Eagle and Potter who signed a request for arms and ammunition in 1776. In 1778 John Wilcot is listed at Bald Eagle in Potter Township as having 2 horses and 4 cows but not holding any land, never having gained legal title to the land on which he lived.
In 1778, Indians massacred the family of Jacob Stanford at Bald Eagle. Stanford's daughter was found dead on the path leading to the home of John Willcot, their nearest neighbor. This appears to be the same story told by Silas Wolcott's granddaughter, Etta Wolcott Park: "Polly Stanton, one of the neighbor girls used to say: 'Mrs. Wolcott, if the Indians ever come this way I shall run down to your house for you have so many guns'. One day Silas went out hunting. He had been gone some time when the postman came in great haste. 'Mrs. Wolcott', he cried. 'Do you know all your neighbors are being killed by the Indians? If you women and children can get onto my horse, I will try to get you to the fort.' 'I will stay and wait for Silas', said the grandmother. Margaret Wolcott did not say who the old lady was.... I understood her to say it was the grandmother of the children. ...Margaret spoke of her as 'the old lady'. Margaret got on the horse with her babe in arms, the other two children in front. They had got about halfway to the fort when the baby began to cry. 'You will have to leave that baby,' said the postman. 'I can take no chances on that.' Margaret would not leave her baby, so got off the horse and walked all the rest of the way to the fort. Back home the old lady bolted the doors and placed guns at all the windows.... When Grandfather returned home there was no one there but the old lady. His family he found at the fort. All the neighbors had been killed and their houses burned, his being the only house left standing and his the only family left living. Polly Stanton was up the road, dead scalped. She had tried to get to their house as she had said she would do."
Etta thought this had taken place later at Havana, New York, there were no
Indian problems at Havana while Silas lived there. Because of the hard winter
of 1779-80 and problems with the Indians, most settlers left Penns Valley
at that time, but many returned in 1784. No records were kept between 1780
and 1784, but in 1784 Paul Wilcot and Silas Wilcot held land at Bald Eagle,
where John had lived and where the massacre had taken place.
(6) Abner Wolcott, b. 1749, d. 1833 Sorrel, Quebec; married at Oxford CT 1772, purchased 150 acres of land at New Haven VT in 1775. He was a Loyalist, and hauled provisions for the British army; was taken prisoner in 1777. His estate was declared forfeited to the State of Vermont and included 150 acres of land, 65L in cash, 4 oxen, 6 cows, 7 sheep, 11 pigs, and clothing and personal effects with a total value of 335L. In 1778 he escaped to Canada where he was given compensation for his losses by the British government in 1783 at Sorel, Quebec. By 1787 he had settled on Isle St. Bouchard in the St. Lawrence River, in Vercheres parish. In 1798 his children, John, Abner (Louis Abner), Solomon, and Catherine, renounced their religion and joined the Catholic Church, probably to enable them to marry Catholics. Apparently Abner and his wife never did as they were buried in a Protestant cemetery. He and son, John, returned to Vergennes, Vermont, about 1800, and soon after he returned to Canada where they took the Oath of Allegiance to the Crown in 1803. During this visit to Vermont he is said to have visited a Charlotte Wolcott, b. c.1773, who married Hosea Bridges 1797 at Western MA, the marriage was also recorded at Brookfield MA. His will dated 1825 left his estate to wife Dolly, and to his 10 children after her death. He drew up a later will in 1831 leaving 4,000L to his grandson, Andrew, which his son, John was to hold until Andrew became of age, and some property to his second wife. In 1831, Abner and Dorothy sold land at William Henry, later Sorel, Quebec, to Aaron Allen for 125 pounds. On this document both Abner Woolcott and Dolly made their "x", "the said Woolcott & wife having declared they cannot write have made a cross in lieu of their signatures". In 1833 he is described as of William Henry. Abner's death record says he died 1 Aug. 1833 at Sorel, Quebec, age 86, which if correct would make his birth date 1747. His children and widow had a dispute over his will; m. (1) Catherine Griffen 1772 Oxford, CT, m. (2) Mrs. Dorothy Redman 1821. NOTE: Members of this family usually spelled their name Wilcott or Willcott in Canada, but some later changed to Wolcott when they returned to the United States.
(7) John Wilcott, b. 1772 Oxford CT, d. 1847 Vercheres, Quebec. In 1800 he resided alone near his parents at Vergennes, VT. In 1803 Abner and Catherine Woolcott deeded their land on Isle Bouchard to their son, John and his wife. John resided at Vercheres in 1830 and in 1844 when John Wilcott gent. gave power of attorney to Andre Wilcott, merchant, to recover land in Yonge Twp.; m. c.1793 Marie Helene Perron dit Simard.
(7) Louis Abner Wilcott, b. 1774 New Haven VT, d. 1853 St. Damase, Quebec; m. Josephte Langevin dit Rajotte 1803 Vercheres, Quebec.
(7) Solomon Wilcott, b. 1778 New Haven VT, d. 1815 St. Sulpice, Quebec; farmer at St. Sulpice; m. Anne Simon 1803 St. Suplice, Quebec.
(7) Catherine Wilcott, b. 1780 St. Sulpice, Quebec, d. 1834 Vercheres, Quebec; m. Joseph Milot dit Champaigne 1789 Verchers, Quebec.
(7) Therese Wilcott, b. 1784 St. Sulpice, Quebec, d. 1804 Vercheres, Quebec; m. Emanuel Ledouz 1802 Vercheres, Quebec.
(7) Elizabeth "Betsy" Wilcott, b. 1786 St. Sulpice, Quebec, d. c.1855 Chazy NY; m. Joseph Meunier 1807 St. Hyacinthe, Quebec.
(7) Marie Wilcott, b. 1788 St. Sulpice, Canada, d. 1867 Vercheres, Quebec; m. Francois Dansereau 1809 Vercheres , Quebec.
(7) Andre Wilcott, b. 1790 St. Sulpice, Quebec, d. 1871 Keesville NY. He was a farmer at Vercheres in 1812, a farmer at Masquinonge, Quebec, in 1830, and was at Vercheres, Quebec, in 1833; moved to Keeseville, NY c.1840; laborer at Peru NY 1850; m. Louise Petit Bruneau 1812 Maskinonge, Quebec.
(7) Charlotte Wilcott, b. 1792 Vercheres, Canada, d. 1871 Vercheres, Quebec; m. Francios Gazaille 1815 St. Sulpice, Quebec.
(7) Louise Wilcott, b. 1794 Vercheres, Canada.
(7) Anne Wilcott, b. 1795 St. Sulpice, Quebec; m. Louis Burque 1814 Vercheres, Quebec.
(6) Paul Wolcott, b. 15 Nov. 1752 New Hamoshire, d. 1825 Findley OH; applied for 300 acres of land in Penns Valley in 1769; served as Private in the Cunberland Co. militia during the Revolutionary Warm; married (1) Elizabeth Ashbridge 1777 at the Goshen Quaker Meeting House in Chester Co. PA, and was at Goshen in 1778. A militia roster for Dauphin Co. PA dated 1786 lists Paul Wilcot "gone out of these parts." Paul Wilcott paid taxes at Bald Eagle PA in 1784, in 1786 on 1 horse and 1 cow, in 1787, and in 1788, but is not on tax list in 1789 or 1793.
Paul’s father-in-law, Jonathan Ashbridge, and Isaac Williams were expelled from the Groshen Friends Society for refusing to reconcile a quarrel. Goshen Friends records for 1777 say that "Jonathan Ashbridge removed to a remote part of the Susquhanna River, and Elizabeth and Hannah, two of his daughters, are since married." Northumberland Co. tax roll for 1778-80 shows Jonathan Ashbridge taxed on a valuation of 6L, 13 s. Letters of administration of the estate of Jonathan Ashbridge, late of Northumberland County, were granted to his wife, Sarah, and Robert Martin in 1782. Bald Eagle, then part of Northumberland Co., tax rolls for 1785 shows “Heirs of Jonathan Ashbridge” taxed on 100 acres at 3s9d as non-residents. Goshen Friends accounts for 1785 say: "Sarah Ashbridge, widow, who removed many years ago without a certificate is settled far remote from friends & hath wholly declined to attend meetings; also declines to request a certificate & is therefore disowned." A warrant dated 1785 states: Whereas....Sarah Ashbridge...has requested to take up 300 acres of land, in trust for the heirs of Jonathan Ashbridge, decd., including an improvement made before the year 1780 by said Jonathan Ashbridge on the North side of the West Branch of the Susquehannah half a mile below Pine Creek...she agrees to pay...at the rate of 30 pounds per hundred acre...." In 1786 and 1787, Jonathan's widow, Sarah, was taxed in Northumberland County. In 1786 she was taxed on one horse and one cow at 2s 9d, and in 1787 on 300 acres of land, 1 horse, and 1 cow at 1L 10d. The land was sold in 1790 to James Davidson for 457L, and in 1793, Sarah, her sons John and Jonathan, and daughters Elizabeth Wilcott and Mary Mills, and their families, moved to Canada.
In 24 Aug. 1796, Paul purchased 38 acres of land at York, now Toronto, Canada. He also received a patent on 200 acres of land at York, Ontario, and sold the land to John Small in 1801. Part of this land is now the Ontario Jockey Club. He is on the 1805 census of York with wife, 4 sons, and 3 daughters. A cabin said to have been buil by Paul Wilcot about 1807, is located on Wilcot Creek, and is said to be the 3rd oldest building in metropolitan Toronto. It is now the site of the Edwards Garden. Paul enlisted in 1813 as a Private in a unit of Canadian volunteers to serve the United States' cause in the War of 1812. A muster roll of 1813 reports that he had been wounded in the side by a cannon shot. Pauk Willcutt was of Scarborough, Ontario when he married (2) Sarah, widow of Ezekiel Younglove, in 1814 at Toronto, and then moved to Ohio where he settled on the Maumee River. In 1820 Paul Wolcott gave a deposition at Waynesville, Warren Co. OH in support of his brother, Silas', military pension request.
(7) Jonathan Paul Wolcott, b. 1776 PA, d. Ontario, Canada; obtained Crown patent at Vaughn Township 1795 and a land grant Richmond Hill, Ontario 1798; m. (1) Rebecca Gray 1805 York, Ontario, m. (2) Sarah Eyde 1815 York, Ontario.
(7) Sarah Wolcott, b. 1777, prob. d. young.
(7) Dorcas Wolcott, b. 1780 PA; m. ____ Burns.
(7) Elizabeth Wolcott, b. 1783 PA.
(7) Mary Wolcott, b. 1786 Bald Eagle PA.
(7) Joseph Wolcott, b. 1789 Bald Eagle PA, d. 1861.
(7) Samuel Wolcott, b. 1790 Bald Eagle PA.
(7) Paul Wolcott, Jr., b. 1791 PA, d. 1844 Sugar Creek Twp., PA; he and another man are said to have been the first white settlers at Tionesta PA before 1830; His brother, William was also at Tionesta in 1830. Paul Wolcott and Eli Kingsley named Jughandle Run Spring. They were ascending Tionesta Creek and stopped there to drink and the handle came off their jug. 1840 Sugar Creek PA with 2 young men and 5 women,
(7) John Wolcott, b. 1793 York, Ontario, d. 1851 Eldred PA; at Portville NY c.1830, Eldred PA 1833; m. Rhoda Brainard 1828 PA.
(7) William Wolcott, b. 1798 York, Ontario d. 1861 Hickory PA; after his mother's death he and sister Sarah were taken to Ohio and raised by a sister; m. Nancy Gates 1823 PA. 1830-50 Tionesta Twp. PA
(7) Sarah Ann "Sally" Wolcott, b. 1800 York, Ontario, d. 1850 Findlay OH; m. Squire Calvin Carlin 1821 Maumee OH.
(6) Silas Wolcott, b. 1755 NH, d. 1834 Litchfield Township, Bradford Co. PA; bur. Park Cemetery, Litchfield PA. Etta Wolcott Park, Silas’ great-grandaughter, said that Silas “grew up in New Jersey and Easton, Pa.”, possibly meaning Jersey Shore, on the Susquehanna River, near Bald Eagle. An affidavit was given by Jonathan Havens: "Mr. Wolcott was brought up in Chester Co. Penna. where records of marriages are seldom made." Chester Co. is where Silas' brother, Paul was married in 1777. Silas grew up in the wilderness and was an excellent marksman. He enlisted at age 21 and served from April 1776 to January 1778 as a rifleman in Capt. Caspar Weitzel's Rifle Company, Col. Samuel Mile's Regiment, 13th Pennsylvania Line. The regiment moved to Philadelphia on 2 July 1776, and after the Declaration of Independence was signed marched to Trenton and then to Perth Amboy. They fought to defend Long Island, but were forced to retreat. Silas took part in the Battle of Harlem Heights, the defense of Fort Washington, and the retreat across the State of New Jersey. He was in the Battle of New Brunswick, and the Battle of Trenton on Christmas Day 1776, followed by the Battle of Princeton. Silas was in Capt. John Robb's Company, Col. Steward's Regiment, at the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown in the fall of 1777. The 13th Pennsylvania moved to Valley Forge, where, family tradition holds, Silas was a bodyguard for General George Washington. Silas was mustered out at Valley Forge on 1 January 1778 and returned to Bald Eagle. He married Margaret Rowan in 1778 at Lancaster PA. In 1784 Silas Willcot paid taxes at Bald Eagle, Northumberland Co. PA, his name is listed next to David Wilcot; Silas was also on the Bald Eagle tax roll in 1786 for tax on one horse. He was on the roll in 1787. His name is on the tax roll for 1788 but was crossed out, he apparently having departed. This was the year of the Indian massacres at Bald Eagle. Silas was issued a land warrant for 400 acres of land in Bedford Co. PA on 8 July 1784, and in 1788 he paid taxes in Huntingdon Co. PA on 395 acres of land as a non-resident. Huntingdon Co. was formed in 1786, partly from Bedford Co. Silas’ brothers, John and David, were subject to military duty in Huntingdon Co. in 1786.
In 1788 Silas is recorded as the first settler, at Catherine’s Creek, New York near the later town of Havana. Settlers were later given the option of purchasing their land, and if they did not, they were required to leave. He is said to have later moved to land near Ithaca NY, but there has been no record of this found. He was probably living near Litchfield, Bradford Co. PA during 1802-7 when 3 of his children married members of the Park family of Litchfield. Silas applied for a military pension in 1818: "Silas Wolcut of the township of Athens in the County of Bradford...did declare and say that he was born the fourth day of August 1755 in the State of New Hampshire". Silas stated that he was living at Northumberland Co. PA when he enlisted there, had served as Private in Col. Miles Regt., 13th PA Line, and was discharged at Valley Forge, Chester Co. PA 1 July 1776. An 1820 a deposition by brother Paul Wolcutt, age 67, of Waynesville OH stated that the children of Revolutionary war soldier Silas Wolcott were Benjamin, Elijah, Mary, Dorcas, Loviah, John R., Minerva, Margaret. The pension files state that Silas died 4 or 5 June 1834 Litchfield, Bradford Co. PA. In 1839 his widow applied for a pension. Her deposition states that Silas m. Margaret Rowan who was b. 12 Oct. 1756 and resided with her son, Benjamin age 44, in Athens, Bradford Co. PA where the family had resided for 48 years, (since 1791). Benjamin stated that her children included Elijah, age 58 on 29 March 1834, Mary Munn, Dorcas Pew, Loviah Cushman, John, Minerva Read, Margaret Park, and 2 more children who d. in infancy.
(7) Mary "Molly" Wolcott, b. 1779 Lancaster PA, d. 1869 Litchfield Twp. PA; m. Thomas Atherton Munn 1797 Litchfirld Twp. PA.
(7) Elijah Wolcott, b. 1781 Bald Eagle PA, d. 1840 Litchfield Twp. PA; lived at Ithaca NY where his first 3 children were born, then a farmer at Litchfield and Athens PA, died from an adze cut; m. Elizabeth Park 1802 Litchfield Twp. PA.
(7) Dorcas Wolcott, b. 1784 Bald Eagle PA; m. Joseph Pew, a War of 1812 veteran and highway comissioner for Ithaca NY c.1800 Ithaca NY.
(7) Loviah Wolcott, b. c.1786 Bald Eagle PA; m. (1) John Perrigo 1803 Ithaca NY, m. (2) Asa Caufman 1825.
(7) Louise Wolcott, b. c.1788 Havanah NY; m. Reuben Brown, a War of 1812 soldier, c.1806 Tompkins Co. NY.
(7) John Rowan Wolcott, b. 1789 Havana NY, d. 1877 Cedar Run PA; War of 1812 service; Litchfield Twp. 1830, then moved to Pine Creek PA c.1846; m. (1) Susanna Park 1807 Litchfield PA, m. (2) Nancy Lewis c.1809, m. (3) Salome Drake c.1835 Spencer NY.
(7) Silas B. Wolcott, b. 1793 Savanna NY, d. 1840 Huron Co. OH; lived Ulysses NY 1820, Ithaca NY 1830; in 1835 he got in a fight at Ithaca where he lost his lip; moved to Ohio in 1835; m. Effa "Effie" Pixley 1813
(7) Minerva Wolcott, b. 1794 Bradford Co. PA, d. 1869 Vernon Twp. MI; m. William K. Reed c.1819 Ithaca NY, moved to Vernon Twp. MI 1836.
(7) Benjamin Wolcott, b. 1798 Bradford Co. PA, d. 1878 Millbrook Twp. MI; farmer at Litchfield Twp. 1820-30, 1850 Tioga NY; 1856 to Shiawasee Co. MI; m. Eizabeth "Betsy" Merrill 1816.
(7) Margaret "Peggy" Wolcott, b. 1798 Bradford Co. PA, d. 1890 Litchfield Twp. PA; m. Samuel Park Jr. c.1815.
(6) Ann Wolcott, b. 1757; m. Samuel Mitchell 1774 PA.
(6) John Wolcott, b. 1 July 1759, and apparently living in 1835. John enlisted in late summer of 1777 as a private in Capt. James Eilson's Company, Col. Chambers 1st Pennsylvania Regt. He re-enlisted on 7 December 1778 at Sunbury, Pennsylvania, as a Private in Capt. McClellans Co., 1st Regt., Pennsylvania Line, to serve until 1781. He was captured by the British near Montgomery, Pennsylvania, on 29 June 1779, during the Battle of Fort Muncy. Fifty-two American prisoners were taken. The old men and women were released and returned to Fort Augusta at Sunbury. He said in his pension claim that "the first night after they were taken prisoner they spent the night in an ash house in Muncy, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania. He was kept in captivity six months and then was exchanged. He rejoined the American Army." He was discharged in the fall of 1780. John Wilcut of Bald Eagle Township was assessed on 2 horses and 4 cows and 100 acres of land. His brother Paul was also assessed at Bald Eagle. John and his brother, David, were subject to military duty in Huntingdon Co., Pennsylvania, in 1786.
He probably had two wives, the first being Sarah Wolcott who moved her family from Pennsylvania to Ohio. Her children were born from about 1787 to 1799. There is no record of where the first four were born, but the last three are said to have been born in Pennsylvania. Sarah apparently left John and took the children to Ohio, shortly after 1800. Family tradition is that she and her children came to Ohio from Perry Co., Pennsylvania, by wagon train. Perry Co. is in Central Pennsylvania, on the West bank of the Susquehanna River. They were in Franklin Co. in 1807 and 1810 when her daughters married. In 1813, Sarah Woolcott was in Franklin County, Ohio, as the administrator of the estate of William Johnson of Franklin County, possibly her father or brother. Sally Wolcott deeded property in Columbus, Franklin Co., Ohio, to John Kerr in 1820 and 1822. Her name appears on the 1820 Sandusky Co. census with 1 male born 1775-95, 1 male born 1810-20, and 1 female born 1775-95, two males with dates that appropriate for the ages of her sons, John and Peter. Sandusky County was formed in 1820. In 1822 and 1826, Sally is found on a tax roll for Ballville Township, just outside Sandusky. Ballville was once part of Franklin County. It is adjascent to Sandusky Township and Washington Township. The will of Sally Wolcott of Sandusky Co., Ohio, proved 5 July 1824, leaves bequests to her children, Jemima Grant, Elizabeth Sells, Christina DeVault, John, Sally Williams, Peter, and Lydia Thomas. Most of these daughters were married in Franklin County, Ohio.
John applied for a military pension 2 Oct. 1818 at Bourbon Co. KY, stating that he was 59 years old, residing in Bourbon Co., and had been captured by the British near Ft. Montgomery in the winter of 1779 and taken to NY where he remained in captivity for about 6 mo., after which he was released and rejoined the American army in the summer of 1780 near Morristown NJ. He was discharged in NJ in the fall of 1780. His affadavit says he was indigent and has a very helpless family incapable of contributing. A supporting deposition from his brother, David, taken before the Hon. Samuel Reed at Pike Co. OH in 1818, recalled that his brother enlisted 1777 as Pvt. in 1st PA commanded by Col. Chambers. On 1 July 1820, John Walcott, age 61, residing in Bath Co. Kentucky, gave a statement at Aureysville, Bath Co. KY, stating his occupation as farmer, and that he had war injuries of one ball through right leg, one ball through left thigh, and one ball that broke the left wrist, and that he had a wife age 40 (b. 1780), and children: Kitty 16 (b.c. 1804), Hannah 14 (b. 1806), Rueben 12 (b. 1808), Hetty 10 (b. 1810), Christina 8 (b. 1812), Fanny 6 (b. 1814), Lucinda 4 (b. 1816). His dau. m. 1822 and 1823 Pike Co. OH.
On 1 April 1823 John Walcott certified that he had resided in Ohio for 8 months and previously had resided in KY and PA. A letter from Records Div, General Accounting Office to VA Director of Pensions regarding John Walcot, pensioner KY, states that payment covering the period 4 Sept. 1832 to 4 March 1833 was made to David Osborn in Cincinnati OH 26 March 1833 as attorney for the petitioner. On 4 March 1833 John certified that he had resided in Montgomery Co. OH for 11 months and previous to that had lived in Green Co. OH. John Walcott is on the 1835 pension roll as Pvt. Pat. Continental 75th, transferred from KY to Pike Co. John's second wife may have been the Elizabeth Wolcott who died 1823 Pike Co. OH. John's daughter, Hattie Wolcott Brownlee, says in a 1894 article she was b. 1794 (sic.) in a cabin on the bank of Scioto Creek OH, that an older sister d. age 105 and her father at 95, and she had a younger sister, Mrs. Eliza Pratt, age 88 living same city (Macon Co. IL?). Her obit says she b. Bourbon Co. KY. A 1931 membership application says John m. (1) Sarah _____ 1790 Pine Creek PA and she d. 1802, m. (2)_________ c. 1802. John is said to have lived on Long Island, adascent to Jersey Shore. Long Island was an island in the Susquehanna River near where Pine Creek joins the Susquehanna. Letters of Marian Elizabeth Wolcott Green, granddaughter of John's brother Silas, says that her father had visited John Wolcott on Pine Creek, and that John Wolcott lived there and his brothers, Paul and Silas, had lived there with him. In another letter she stated that her grandfather was a revolutionary soldier and that “his brothers John & Paul were too young and could not join, that they done border duty in Penna….” Mrs. Green stated “John Wolcott’s last marriage cut him off from his family and they did not know what became of him or where he died”. Pine Creek runs through Lycoming, Tioga, and Potter Counties. Children formerly said to have been John's first family were actually children of his brother, Paul.
(7) Jemima Wolcott, b. c.1790; m. ____ Grant, probably David Grant. David Grant was taxed on personal property in 1826 at the town of Sandusky and is on the 1830 Sandusky census. In 1826 David Grant and Jane Grant paid tax on personal property at Sandusky.
(7) Elizabeth Wolcott, b. c.1791; m. Samuel Sells 22 Apr. 1807 Franklin Co. OH.
(7) Christiana Wolcott, b. c.1795; Christean Woolcut m. Enos Dewalt 5 Feb. 1810 Franklin Co. OH.
(7) John Wolcott, b. c.1797, d. May 1848, farmer; m. Hannah Stults 1824 Sandusky Co. OH, she b. 1807 NJ. The "History of Sandusky County" says of Ballville Township: "Among the settlers of 1818 in the north part of the township were David Moore, Asa Gavit, John Wolcut, Mr. Rexford, Mr. Chaffee, and perhaps a few others" and "John Wolcott was known in early times as a hunter, which was a profitable employment, in fact it was the only employment which brought in ready cash; labor and farm products were paid in trade. He was a native of Pennsylvanua and lived with his mother after coming here." John Wolcott paid tax on land and personal property at Sandusky in 1826 and taxes in 1835. John's will proved 27 Oct. 1848 bequeathed all his property to his wife, Hannah. The "20th century History of Sandusky Co. OH says John Wolcott came from Perry Co. PA and settled at Mud Creek with Josiah Topping and David Grant c. 1823. In 1806 Josiah owned land in Franklin Co. OH. In 1826 Josiah Topping and Josiah H. Topping paid tax at Ballville on personal property and at Sandusky on land, John is recorded in the poll book of Washington, Sandusky Co. OH in 1820. 1830-50 Sandusky Twp., OH. Children: Henry b. 1834, Sarah b. 1836, Amanda b. 1838, William b. 1840, John b. 1844, Richard b. 1837, all b. OH.
(7) Sally Wolcott, b. c.1800, m. (1) Abram Kepler 12 Jan. 1815 Franklin Co. OH; m. (2) ____ Williams.
(7) Lydia Wolcott, b.c. 1800. Lidia Wolcott m. Muhlow Thomas 27 June 1816 Franklin Co. OH.
(7) Peter Wolcott, b. c.1803. Possibly 1830 Harrison, Pickaway Co. OH.
(7) Katherine "Kitty" Wolcott, b. 1803 KY; m. Lewis Brownlee 1823 Pike Co. OH.
(7) Hannah Wolcott, b. 1805 KY, d. 1891 Boone Co. NB; m. George Washington Ridgeway 1822 Pike Co. OH.
(7) Reuben Wolcott, b. 1808 KY; m. Betsy Hoskins 1825 Ross Co. OH.
(7) Hester "Hattie" Wolcott, b. 1810 Bourbon Co. KY, d. 1898 Decatur IL; m. William Brownlee 1827 KY; Vigo Co. IN 1840, Macouoin Co. IL 1850, Madison Co. IL 1863.
(7) Christine Wolcott, b. 1812 KY.
(7) Fanny Wolcott, b. 1814 KY.
(7) Lucinda Wolcott, b. 1816 KY, m. John W. Thornton 1832 Warren Co., Ohio.
(7) Eliza Wolcott, b. c.1820 KY; m. ____ Pratt.
(6) David Wolcott, b. c. 1762. David Willcot paid tax at Bald Eagle PA in 1784, his name listed next to Silas; 1788 David subject to militia duty in Huntingdon Co. PA where Silas was living; in 1789 David paid tax at Bald Eagle but was not on the tax roll of 1793. In 1818, David gave an affidavit at Pike Co. OH in support of his brother, John's, pension application. 1820 Pee Wee, Pike Co. OH: David Wilcott Sr., David Wilcott Jr., and Silas Wilcott.
(7) David Wolcott Jr., b. c.1796 PA; 1820 at Pee Wee OH.
(7) Silas Wolcott, b. c.1799 PA; 1820 at Pee Wee OH.
(7) Elizabeth Wolcott, b. c.1808; m. Andrew Wyncoop 1829 PA.
(6) Barnabas Wolcott als. Wilcott; b. 1767 PA; farmer, moved to NC, then to Adair Co. KY, then to St. Claire Co. IL; in 1828 Barnabas Woolcut and wife Sarah were dismissed by the Bethel Baptist Church in St. Claire Co., Illinois, apparently because they were leaving the area. He is found on the Franklin County, Tennessee, census in 1830, and the Perry County, Illinois, census in 1840 and 1850; m. Sarah Eaton c.1790, she b. 1772 MD. 1790 Rowan Co. NC. 1810 Adair Co. KY. 1830 Franklin Co. TN. 1840-50 Perry Co. IL. This family spelled their name Wilcott, Wolcott, Wolket, Woolcott, and Woolcut.
(7) James Wolcott, b. c.1793 NC; m. Mary Mosby 1812 Adair Co. KY.
(7) Jonathan Wolcott, b.c. 1795 NC; Jonathan Woolcott m. (1) Betsy Eaton 1816 Adair Co. KY.
(7?) Elijah Wolcott, b. 1797 KY, d. 1864 Des Moines IA; 1830 Montgomery Co. IN, 1850-60 Knoxville IA; m. Sarah Jones c.1817
(7) dau. b. c.1800.
(7) Rebecca Wolcott, b. c.1805, d. c. 1844 Belleville IL; Rebecca Woolcutt m. Jarrett C. Milan 1842 Bellville IL.
(7) Belden Wolcott, b. c.1807.
(7) Samuel Wolcott, b. 1810 Adair Co. KY, d. 1887 Montrose IA; Samuel Wolkitt moved from Bellville IL to Montrose IA in 1848; served in Co. B, 17th IA Inf. Regt., then 37th IA Inf. Regt.; his obituary says he was born in Virginia, had been married several times, and left a widow and several children; his death records says born KY and had resided in IA for 40 years; m. (1) Emeline Nielson 1832 St. Claire IL, m. (2) Sarah Melinda Smallwood 1871 Adams Co. IL, m. (3) Mary Jane Deefer 1883 Keokuk IA. 1830 Franklin Co. TN. 1840 St. Claire Co. IL. 1850 Lee Co. IA.
(7) Jeremiah M. "Jerry" Wolcott, b. 1811 Adair Co. KY, d. 1859 Mill Creek AR; Jeremiah Woolcut/Willcott said to have been a "red headed Irisman", moved to IL 1825, to Pope Co. AR 1835; Jeremiah Wilcot m. Winefred Evelyn (Winnie Jane) Parker 1832 Carlyle IL, she said to be part Cherokee from Union Co. SC . 1830-50 Pope Co. AR.
(7) John Wolcott, b. 1813 Adair Co. KY. John Wilcott was a farmer at Adair Co. KY 1840-50; m. Mary Gibson c.1833 Adair Co. KY.
(7) Anna Wolcott, b. c.1815; Anna Willcot m. John Goree or Gozee 1833 Clinton Co. IL, the same Co. where Jeremiah Willcott m. Winifred.
(7) Sarah Wolcott, b. c.1817; Sarah Woolcutt m. Thomas Bragg 1848 Bellville, St. Clair Co. IL.
(7) Wesley Wolcott, b. c.1820; Wesley Woolkit m. Sarah Wittington 1840 St. Claire Co. IL.
(7) Catherine Wolcott, b. c.1820; m. Samuel Bragg.
(4) Sarah Woolcott, b. c.1698 Brookfield MA, d. 1743 Brookfield;
m. Thomas Gibbs 1719 Brookfield MA.
(4) Capt. Nathaniel Woolcott, b. c.1700 Brookfield MA, d. 1771 Brookfield; granted 60 acres of land at Brookfield in 1718 and received additional grants totalling 230 acres in all; Nathaniel Walcott of Brookfield was a subscriber to the Land Bank of 1740; Capt. Nathaniel Woolcott and Ens. Emerson Woolcott are the only Woolcotts on a Brookfield tax list in 1750; service in French and Indian War1754, Capt. of the militia company that marched to the relief of Ft. William Henry 1757, Capt. 3rd Co. Worchester Co. militia 1761; in 1758 Nathan Woolcott was an innkeeper at Brookfield, the inn inherited from his father and willed by him to his daughter Martha and her husband, John Waite. His will dated 1771 left 20 pounds to son Oliver who had "already received his portion", 5 shillings to son John who had "already received his portion", to son Emerson land bordering his house and the mill pond, to daughter Martha and her husband John Waite the residue of his estate, with them to pay legacies to daughters Ruth Henshaw and Joanna Hamilton, and granddaughter Sarah Buckminster. Nathaniel Woolcott/Wilcott m. (1) Deborah Walker 1723 Brookfield MA; m. (2) Beulah Woolson of Weston MA 1743; m. (3) Dorothy Richardson 1755 Brookfield; (4) m. 1758 Concord MA to Mary Hayward, widow of Capt. Ephraim Jones of Concord MA, and she m. (3) Capt. William Ayres 1772.
(5) Oliver Woolcott, b. 1724 Brookfield, d. 1802 Oakham MA. He was a farmer at Brookfield; served as Corporal in Capt. Daniel Brewer's Co, MA militia 1756, and in his father's Co. in 1757 for relief of Fort William Henry; to Oakham MA 1785. Oliver Wi. m. (1) Abigail Mills 1749 Worchester MA, m. (2) Elizabeth Butman 1759 Brookfield MA. 1790-1800 Oakham, Worchester Co. MA.
(6) Oliver Woolcott Jr., b. 1761 New Braintree MA, d. 1845 Pittsford VT; Oliver Woolcott, Pvt., Capt. Ebenezer Newell's Co. Worcester Co. MA militia 1777-8. Oliver lived at New Braintree when he enlisted and before moving to Pomfret and Brandon VT in 1792. He leased 50 acres of land at settled at Pittsford VT in 1810 and built a log cabin there, he applied for a pension at Pittsfield in 1832; m. Lydia Haynes of Natick 1792. 1800 Brandon, Rutland Co. VT. 1810-40 Pittsford, Rutland Co. VT.
(7) Oliver Woolcott III, b.1793 Brandon VT, d. 1850 Stockholm NY; served in War of 1812 for which he received a military pension; 1840 Pittsford, Vermont; m. Eleanor T. Powers 1824 Pittsford VT.
(7) Charles Woolcott, b. 1796 Brandon VT, d. WI; m. Clara Smith c. 1825 Pittsford VT. 1830 Pittsford VT; laborer at Brandon, Vermont 1850; 1860 Pittsfield VT.
(7) Asahel Woolcott, b. 1798 Brandon VT, d. 1859 Pittsford VT, farmer at Pittsford VT, sold his farm there in 1846; m. Sophronia Morgan. 1830 Pittsford, Rutland Co. VT.
(7) Joseph Wolcott, b. 1802 Brandon VT, d. Pittsford VT, farmer at Pittsford 1830-1880; m. Samantha Dimick 1846 Pittsford VT.
(7) Elizabeth Woolcott, b. c.1804 Brandon VT; m. (1) Ephraim Smith, m. (2) Jonas Morgan.
(7) Newton Woolcott, b. 1808 Brandon VT, d. 1835 Brandon VT; m. Mary Smith.
(7) Lewis Woolcott, b. 1811 Pittsford VT, d. 1888 Fond du Lac WI; farmer; m. Diana Ingalls. 1840-50 Brandon VT. 1860 Lomira WI.
(6) Ruth Woolcott, b.1763 New Braintree MA, d. 1831 Windsor VT; m. George Harper Jr. 1783 Oakham MA.
(6) Mary Woolcott, b.c. 1765 New Braintree MA, d. 1834 Oakham MA. Mary of New Braintree m. Edward Woodis 1787 Oakham MA.
(6) Elizabeth Woolcott, b. c.1770 New Braintree MA, d. c.1805 Rutland VT. Elizabeth Woo. m. Ebenezer Woodis 1790 Oakham MA.
(6) Sarah "Sally" Woolcott, b. c.1771 New Braintree MA. Sally m. John Sweetser 1791 New Braintree MA.
(6) Thomas Woolcott, b. 1771-5, d. 1838 Pittsfield VT; 1790 at Oakham, Worchester Co. MA, to VT c.1800; Thomas Woolcott m. Levina Warren of New Braintree MA 1794, also recorded Oakham MA. 1810-30 Pittsfield, Rutland Co. VT. 1840- 50 Pittsfield VT: Levinia Wi.
(7) son, b. c. 1795
(7) Sarah Woolcott, b. 1800 Pittsfield VT; m.Reuben Holland c.1814 Pittsford VT.
(7) son b. 1805-10.
(6) Polly Woolcott, b. c.1783. Polly of Braintree MA m. Jonathan Hill of Spenser MA 1803 Braintree MA.
(5) Ruth Woolcott, b. 1727 Brookfield MA, d. 1813 Brookfield MA; m. William Henshaw 1755 Brookfield MA.
(5) Martha Woolcott, b. 1729 Brookfield MA, d. 1807 Brookfield MA; m. Capt. John Waite 1752 Brookfield. They inherited her father's tavern.
(5) Nathaniel Woolcott Jr., b. 1730 Brookfield MA; Nathaniel Woolcot Jr. m. Hannah Hamilton 1756 Brookfield MA.
(5) Joanna Woolcott, b. 1732 Brookfield MA; m. John Hamilton 1753 Brookfield MA.
(5) Capt. John Woolcott, b. 1734 Brookfield MA, d. 1808 Brookfield MA age 72, miller; served in Capt. John Burk's Falltown Co. in 1756, taking part in the Crown Point Expedition. He was a Private in his father's company, marching to the relief of Ft. William Henry in 1757. He was in Capt. William Paig's Company March to December 1759. "March 19, 1771: Granted to Ensign John Woolcott, 19 acres E. of his house, from Boyd's corner S. of the Brook to Hinckley's E. of the brook, thence to the mouth of the brook where it empties into North pond, and by the pond to the head of his father's mill brook - surveyed by Rufus Putnam Oct 18, 1768." "Mar. 19, 1771. Granted to Ensign John Woolcott 15 acres at the mouth of the ditch where it empties into North pond, by widow Gills to Thomas Moore's, then E. by N, to Woolcott's mill brook, Boyd's Corner, then up said brook and pond." North pond was then a natural depression in the Five mile River.
John was Captain of the 57 Rangers from Brookfield and Spencer that marched from Brookfield to Lexington on the alarm of 19 April 1775, serving for 12 days. His cousin, Solomon Woolcutt, was also a member of his unit. On 18 July 1776 Capt. John Woolcott marched his company of 95 men from Brookfield and Spencer, Massachusetts, to New York, where they served under Col. Jonathan Holman. On 27 August, Holman's regiment came under fire by the British.
John Woolcott was at Brookfield in 1800 with 1 male over 55, 1 female over 45, and 2 females 25-45 (Hepzibah and Martha), near John Woolcott Jr.. Hepzibah remained with her parents after Martha's marriage and was living at the mill in 1830. On 25 Jan, 1808 Levi Hathaway and Lucy Tufts petitioned the court to appoint a guardian for John on grounds of mental incompetance. On 27 June 1808, David Trask was granted administration of the estate of John Wolcott late of Brookfield, deceased. His gravestone in the Brookfield Cemetery reads "In Memory of Cap. John Wilcott who died May 30 1807 AE 72". The foundation of his mill and the large stone dam that created the mill pond are across from the East end of Slab City Rd. in Brookfield. John Woolcott, Jr. m. Rebecca Jones 1761 Brookfield, she was
the daughter of John's step-mother, Mary Hayward Jones. 1790-1800 Brookfield
(6) John Woolcott Jr., b. 1762 Brookfield, Worchester Co. MA, d. 1841 Ashburnham MA; John Woolcott Jr. of Brookfield MA m. Lydia Richardson of Sturbridge MA 1790 Sturbridge MA. John Woolcott, Pvt., MA Line; moved to Ashburnham MA 1815 where he resided on a farm near the Rindge line until his death; applied for military pension 1818 Rensselaer Co. NY age 62 b. 1762 Brookfield, pension granted 1818, age 78; buried Brookfield MA; Rev. War pension to Lydia, wife of John Woolcott of MA. 1790- 1810 Brookfield MA, 1820 Ashburnham MA.
(7) Matilda Woolcott, b. 1790 Brookfield MA; m. Calvin Cummins 1817 Ashburnham MA.
(7) John Woolcott III, b. 1793 Brookfield MA; prob. m. (1) Thankful Simmons of Ware MA 1814; m. (2) Matilda Walker 1816 Brookfield. 1820 Brookfield with 2 sons; in 1850 a farmer at Brookfield living with his son, Emerson.
(7) Sarah "Sally" Woolcott, b. 1795 Brookfield MA; m. Elijah T. Smith 1816 Ashburnham MA.
(7) Charles Woolcott, b. 1799 Brookfield MA, grocer; m. Maria Tryon 1826 Burlington VT. 1830-60 Burlington, Chittenden Co. VT.
(7) William Woolcott, b. 1801 Brookfield MA, d. 1894 Hillsboro IL. William Woo. enlisted 1814 and served a Pvt. 34th Inf. Regt., b. Brookfield MA, age about 20 at time of discharge in 1816, 5 ft. 7 in., dark complexion. dark eyes, brown hair, farmer. "Lamplighter, William Wolcott, had a dog named 'Torch' who accompanied him as he lit the old kerosene street lamps at sundown and put them out at midnight" (The 300 anniversary booklet for the town of Brookfield). William applied for bounty land in AR 1820, moved to Montgomery Co. IL 1838; m. Lucy Fairbanks 1825 Ashburnham MA. 1840 Montgomery Co. IL.
(7) Lydia Woolcott, b. 1804 Brookfield MA, probably died Ashburnham MA 1827.
(7) Nathaniel Woolcott, b. 1806 Northfield, Franklin Co. MA, d. 1871 Ashburnham unm..
(6) Nathaniel Woolcott, b. 1764 Brookfield MA, d. 1847 Sidney NY; moved to Franklin Twp., Delaware Co. NY and joined the Franklin Baptist Church 1802; settled in the Ouleout Valley which was organized as Sydney Twp. in 1801; Nathaniel Wi. of Brookfield m. Elizabeth Pease 1787 Spencer MA; m. (2) Lavina ____ c.1811. 1790 Brookfield MA, 1800 Franklin Twp., NY, 1810-40 Sidney, Delaware Co. NY. His descendants spelled their name "Wolcott".
(7) Polly Wolcott, b. 1788 Brookfield MA; m. James Hall abt. 1810.
(7) John Wolcott, b.1791 Brookfield MA, d. 1846 Sidney NY, farmer; he was killed when his horse ran away and he fell, hitting his head on a log. 1820-40 Sidney NY; m. Elizabeth "Betsey" Gager c.1810 NY; 1830-40 Sidney NY, she at Sidney NY1850-60.
(7) Elizabeth Wolcott, b. 1792 Brookfield MA, d. 1795 Brookfield MA.
(7) William Wolcott, b. c.1800 Delaware Co. NY, d. 1860 Tyler TX; moved to Wetumpka AL about 1830 where he was a school teacher in 1840; he was a teacher at Ozark AL in 1850; moved to Tyler TX 1853 where he taught school until his death; m. Elizabeth Ann Gallagher 1839 Wetumpka AL.
(7) Rebecca Wolcott, b. 1803 Sidney NY, d. 1842 Sidney NY, unm..
(7) Henry Wolcott, b.1806 Sidney NY, d. 1843 Sidney NY; m. Rebecca Williams.
(7) Lavina Wolcott, b. 1812 Sidney NY, d. 1886 Jacksonville FL; m. Daniel Castle, an innkeeper at Bainbridge NY, 1848 Bainbridge NY.
(7) Harriet Wolcott, b. 1818 Sidney NY, d. 1897 Ocean Grove NJ; m. David Woolsey, a master tin smith and furnace dealer, 1851 Syracuse NY.
(6) Lucy Woolcott, b. 1767 Brookfield MA, d. 1824 Worcester MA; m. Walter Tufts of Worchester 1790
(6) Mary "Polly" Woolcott, twin, b. 1769 Brookfield MA; m. (1) William Cooley 1794 Brookfield; m. (2) m. Jonathan Dow of Western 1799 Brookfield MA.
(6) Hepzibah Woolcott, twin, b. 1769 Brookfield, d. 1846 Brookfield; she apparently lived with her parents and was their caretaker in their old age; probably resided in the mill house after their death in 1808, as an 1830 map of Brookfield shows H. Wolcott living at that location. Her will dated December 1846 left $200 to brother Nathaniel, $200 to be divided among the six children of brother Nataniel, and residue to be divided between nieces, Mary T. Sutton and Mary W. Upham, with John Sutton of Worcester as Executor. Mary Upham's share was $1,158.
“In North Brookfield, Massachusetts, just off Slab City Road, sits an enormous dam that was once was the site of Woolcott’s Mill, which was established in 1717 as a sawmill. For years, the mill site carried a stigma of misfortune each time the property changed hands – everything from an owner’s disappearance to an accidental tragic shooting of a child by his brother, and even one poor soul losing his arm in an industrial accident at the site. In an effort to explain the odd and sometime ghoulish happenings, local residents blamed it on an unknown woman who simply was referred to as ‘Aunt Hepsie’." (Haunted Quaboag - Fact or Fiction, by Paula Slade) Her grave stone reads: "Hepzibah, Daug. of Cap. John & Rebecca Wilcot of Brookfield, died Dec. 27, 1846." The will of Hepzibah Wilcott of Brookfield was recorded in Worcester County, her estate being nearly $3,000, mostly left to two nieces, d. unm..
(6) Martha Woolcott, b. 1772 Brookfield MA, d. 1836 Brookfield MA; m. Levi Hathaway of Spencer 1792 Brookfield.
(6) Rebecca Woolcott, b. 1774 Brookfield MA, d. 1795 Brookfield, unm..
(5) Deborah Woolcott, b. 1736 Brookfield MA; m. Samuel Buckminster 1754 Brookfield MA.
(5) Ens. Emerson Woolcott, b. 1738 Brookfield MA, d. 1811 Barnet VT; m. Mary Adams 1767 Brookfield MA. Served as Ensign in French and Indian Wars; purchased land at Brookfield from Merrick Rice 1776, probably the same property he deeded to Tilly and Obediah Rice in 1777. In 1777 he purchased property in Spencer MA; sold property at Brookfield to Luke May in 1784 and moved to VT. He paid taxes at Barnet in 1790, 1792, and 1804, and was surveyor of roads there in 1801. Sewall Wolcott mortgaged land at Holderness NH to Emerson Wolcott of Barnet VT in 1800 which he redeemed in 1805. 1790-1810 Barnet, Caledonia Co. VT.
(6) Mary "Molly" Woolcott, bapt. 1773 Brookfield MA, d. 1815 Haverhill NH; m. Edward Pollard 1793 Barnet VT, Emerson Sr. witnessed deed to land they bought.
(6) Susan Woolcott, bapt. 1775 Brookfield MA.
(6) Emerson Adams Woolcott, b. 1777 Brookfield MA, d. 1861 East Charleston VT, farmer. Emerson Jr. paid poll tax at Barnet and in 1800 was acknowleged freeman; 1802 bought land at Barnet; 1804 town treasurer, 1805 constable; 1812 lister. Emerson m. (1) Laura Hodges 1795; Emerson Wolcott Jr. of Barnet m. (2) Hannah Morse 1810 at Barnet VT. A reference from an unknown source says that Sewell Adams Wolcott was the son of Emerson and a wife from Derby VT. 1810-20 Barnet, Caledonia Co. VT. 1827 Emerson a voter at Navy (former name of Charleston VT). 1830-60 Charleston, Orleans Co. VT.
(7) Amos Wolcott, b. 1796; he and his brother Emerson are said to have moved from Eaton NH to VT to work in the copper mines near Vershire and Strafford.
(7) Emerson Wolcott, b. 1797.
(7) Sarah Melvina Wolcott, b. 1811 Barnet VT; m. J. Cushman c. 1828.
(7) Elmira Wolcott, b. 1812 Barnet VT; m. Rev. Paschal Paoli Grow 1835 Charlestown VT, lived Carrolton GA.
(7) Sewell Adams Wolcott, b. 1815 Barnet VT, d. 1888 IL; m. Mary Ann Hammer 1840; moved to Illinois c. 1843, Wisconsin c. 1848, farmer at Winnebago WI 1860, moved to Ottertail Co. MN by ox drawn wagon 1867 and was at Fergus Falls MN 1870.
(7) Hannah Wolcott, b. 1819 Barnet VT; m. (1) ___Elliot; m. (2) Frank Dame; m. (3) James Fiske.
(7) Emerson W. Wolcott, b. 1820 Barnet VT, d. 1852 Stockton CA. He served as Pvt. in Co. E, 4th VT Inf. Regt.; Emerson Walcott Jr. m. Mary G. Whitney 1848 Newton MA. 1850 Charleston VT.
(7) William Morse Wolcott, b. 1824 Navy VT, farmer at Charleston VT. Civil War service: Co. E, 15th VT Regt.. 1850 Concord, Essex Co. VT. 1883 East Charleston VT.
(7) Hiram Alonzo Wolcott, b. 1827 Navy VT., d. 1888 Charleston VT; m. Savilla Spaulding 1855 Barnet VT. 1850 Hiram in Wisconsin with brother Sewell Adams Wolcott; returned to Charleston and enlisted as Pvt. Co. E, 15th Vt Inf. Regt., promoted to Cpl. 1863; had 200 acres of land at East Charleston and 45 sheep raised for wool in 1883. 1860 Charleston VT. 1880 Brighton VT.
(7) Elizabeth Jane "Betsy Wolcott", b. 1829, d. 1848, unm..
(7) Melissa D. Wolcott, b. 1831 Charleston VT, d. 1911 Thief River Falls Pennington MN; m. John Norton Whitman 1849 Winnebago WI; death certificate states she dau. of Emerson Wolcott, b. CT, and Hannah Goss (sic.).
(6) Elizabeth "Betty" Wolcott, b. 1779 Brookfield MA; m. Daniel Bartlett.
(6) child of Emerson Woolcott b., d. 1781 Brookfield MA.
(6) Solomon Wolcott, b. 1787 NH, probably son of Emerson because of his residence at Barnet, joined Barnet Congregational Church 1831, deacon 1832, left the church in 1842 to move to Charleston VT; m. (1) Keziah Cady 1817 Lyman NH, m. (2) Oreah ___. 1820-30 Barnet, Caledonia Co. VT. 1840-50 Charleston, Orleans Co. VT.
(7) George S. Wolcott, b. 1817 Barnet VT, carpenter at Lancaster VT 1856 and 1880, 1860 Concord NH; m. Electa Beebe 1841 Charleston VT .
(7) Catherine Maria "Maria" Wolcott, b. 1819 Barnet VT, d. 1890 Lancaster NH; m. Charles S. Remick 1841 Charleston VT.
(7) Benjamin Franklin Wolcott, b. 1821 Barnet VT; wood worker at Concord NH 1860-80; m. Fanny Kimball Elliot 1850 Penbroke VT, m. (2) Sylvia A. Folsom.
(7) John R. Wolcott, b. c.1823 Barnet VT.
(7) Jane E. Wolcott, b. c.1825; m. Lewis Barter 1826 Montpelier VT.
(7) Ellen C. Wolcott, b. 1826 Barnet VT; m. William A. White, a station agent at Lancaster NH, c. 1847.
(7) James Hervey Wolcott, b. 1832 Barnet VT. He was a carpenter and joiner at Charleston VT 1860-1883, m. Chastina A. Clough 1855 Charleston VT.
(7) Jeneth Wolcott, b. 1836 VT.
(7) Joseph Wolcott, b. 1838 VT.
(4) Lydia Woolcott, b. 1703 Brookfield MA; m. Ebenezer Howe of Brookfield MA 1724 Brookfield MA.
(4) Hannah Wolcott, b. 1712 Brookfield, d. 1794; m. Roger Stevens 1734 Brookfield MA.
(3) Joseph Woolcott, b. 1663 Newbury MA, d. 1710 North Brookfield MA. In 1687 he had 15 acres home lot and 30 acres on the south side of the road at Brookfield, seperated by a brook from the property of his brother, John. In 1692, Joseph was fined 5L for "comtempt of authority, etc." He was released from the fine "for speeches against authority on account of his house and most of his movables destroyed by fire" later that same year. The History of East Brookfield says of him, "This is the man about whom much is written in the historical narrative. He was frequently in court for one reason or another. In 1670 he quarreled over the disposition of his father's estate to such extent that he was fined by the court. He also lost 2 daughters and his wife in the Indian assault on the village on 7/27/1693." Joseph escaped with his son, Joseph. There is a monument memorializing the massacre of his family and neighbors on Slab City Rd. in Brookfield, and the foundation what was probably his home is still in the woods nearby; m. (1) Rebecca Granger of Newbury 1686 Springfield MA, m. (2) Bethiah Johnson c. 1694 Cambridge MA.
(4) Joanna Woolcott, b. 1687 Suffield CT, d. 1693, killed by Indians.
(4) Joseph Woolcott Jr., b. 1689 Brookfield MA, d. c.1735 MA. He was a carpenter; he sold to Thomas Baker the Brookfield house and 40 acres that had been his father's and grandfather's in 1710, and several lots there to his uncle, John, in 1711. He was in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1711 where he sold his interest in the estate of his uncle, Robert Granger of Suffield, Connecticut. He may have been the Joseph Woolcott who was involved in a complaint by the Indian sachem, Ceasar, of the Mohegan Indian tribe in 1714 that Henry Hall and Joseph Woolcott and others had set up a frame on land in New London Township belonging to the Mohegans. Thomas Davis, carpenter, said that he had set up the frame by order of Peter Mason, and that Joseph Woolcott was his apprentice. Later, he lived at Roxbury MA; in 1733 Joseph Woolcott of Brookfield, son of Joseph Woolcott, deceased, sold lands formerly of his grandfather's estate to his uncle, John Woolcott of Brookfield; m. Elizabeth Mossman 1725 Roxbury MA.
He was probably the Joseph Willcot who "with wife & 2 children from the Eastward in town 3 months" was at Boston in 1732. "Dec. 10, 1734, caution against (settlement of) Joseph Woolcot, living in house of Joseph Garfield, son of Benjamin W., from Newton, last March." Newton is next to Watertown and Cambridge. This probably should read "son, Benjamin".
(5) Benjamin Woolcott, b. 1729 Roxbury MA .
NOTE: A Wolcott/Wilcott family lived in Delaware in the mid 1700s. The Wolcott DNA project show that they were descended from the Brookfield Woolcotts. The earliest known member of this family, Joseph Wolcott/Wilcott, may have been a son of Joseph, above, or perhaps a younger brother of John Wolcott who settled at Bald Eagle, Pennsylvania. We have placed him here as it seems the most likely relationship.
(5?) Joseph Wolcott, b. c.1733, d. 1786; estate of Joseph Wilcut administered 1786 by Rachel Wilcut and Reuben Wilcut, mentions heirs Josias, Martha, William, Levi, Joseph, Susannah, Polly, David, and Nancy Wilcutts. Reuben Wilcott, whose wife was born in Kent Co. DE is said to have been the son of Joseph Wilcott and Rachel Bowen; m. Rachel Bowen, m. (2) Rachel Tharp 1785 Kent Co. DE.
(6) Thomas Wolcott/Wilcutts, b.1758 Guilford Co. NC, near Virginia border; m. Millie Clark c.1790 Guilford CO. NC; Thomas and Millie were "condemened for outgoing" by the New Garden NC Quakers in 1797 and later that year they and their children became members of the Deep River NC Quakers. 1800-10 Marlboro Co. NC, 1814 transferred to White Water IN Quaker meeting; many Quakers left NC and moved to Indiana at thiis time due to their opposition to slavery.
(7) William Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1787 NC, d. 1850 NC.
(7) Clark Wolcott/Wilcutts b, 1792 Deep River NC, d. 1862 Wayne Co. IN; c. 1811 dropped by Piney Grove NC Quakers for marrying outside the church, purchased land in OH Territory in 1814 and later owned 289 acres at Grant Co. IN 1835-50; became charter member of Franklin Twp. IN Quaker church; purchased 274 acres at Franklin in 1848 and 40 more in 1851; Clarkwas an anti-slavery advocate and participated in the Underground Railroad; m. Sarah Thorpe Piney Grove SC 1811.
(7) Christian Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1793 Deep River NC, d. 1848 Grant Co. IN; m. Daniel Baldwin Jr. 1812 Piney Grove SC; they were Quakers.
(7) Rachel Wolcott/Wilcutts. b. 1795 NC; m. Thomas Baldwin 1820 Wayne Co. IN.
(7) Hursley Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1797 Piney Grove NC.
(7) Joseph Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1799 Piney Grove NC.
(7) Tabitha Wolcott/Wilcutts, b., d. 1801 Piney Grove NC.
(7) Jonathan Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1804 Piney Grove NC, d. Centre Twp. IN; Wanne Co. IN 1830, Grant Co. IN 1840, purchased 80 acres in Grant Co. in 1849 and farmed there until his death; m. (1) Ursula ____, m. (2) Mary Jane Starbuck 1852 Randolph Co. IN.
(7) David Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1805 Piney Grove NC, d. 1881 Fountain City IN; purchased 152 acres at Franklin Twp. IN in 1835, where he was a farmer and a conductor on the Underground Railroad; m. Mary Marine 1826 Fountain City IN.
(6) Reuben Wolcott/Wilcutts, b. 1761 DE, d. 1854 Marion Co WV; moved from Kent Co. DE to Monongalia Co. WV with his wife's family in 1788, and purchased 76 acres of land there in 1799, also owned 93 acres in Harrison Co, WV which he sold in 1828. Reuben is recorded at Kent Co. DE in 1830, so he may have returned to his family home, but his wife and two daughters were in West Virginia in 1850; m. Jane Fleming 1786 Kent Co. DE.
(7) Elizabeth Wolcott, b. 1787 Fairmont WV, d. 1866 Marion Co. WV; m. Joshua Hedges King 1809.
(7) Josiah Wolcott, b. 1789 Fairmont WV; bought land at Middletown WV c.1814 and had ferry over Monongalia River there; town trustee of Middletown WV 1820; m. Virginia Jane Miller 1812 Monongalia Co. WV.
(7) Mary Wolcott, b. c.1791 Fairmont WV.
(7) Ann Wolcott, b. c. 1793 Fairmont WV; m. Boaz Fleming 1819 Marion Co. WV.
(7) William Wolcott, b. c.1795 Fairmont WV, d, 1825 unm..
(7) Joseph Wolcott, b. c.1795 Fairmont WV, living 1820 unm..
(7) James Fleming Wolcott, b. 1799 Fairmont WV. He was a, carpenter, had land in WV next to brother, Josiah that he sold in 1830 when he moved to Frazeyburg OH, then to Jackson OH where he lived 1860, then to Henderson Co. IL in 1865, then to Ringold IA and Somner KS; m. Lydia Lovitt 1827 Muskingam Co. OH.
(7) Sarah Wolcott, b. c.1803 Fairmont WV, d. 1860 Fairmont WV; m. William Newsom 1823 WV.
(7) Matilda Wolcott, b. 1805 Fairmont WV, d. 1883 Fairmont WV unm.
(7) Cyrus Wolcott, b. c.1810 WV. He was a "Rectifyer" (maker of alcoholic beverages) at Jackson OH in 1850, living with John Fullerton and Julia A. 22 b. WV.
(7) Phoebe Wolcott, b. 1810 Fairmont WV, d. 1880 Fairmont WV; m. John VanSickles 1829.
(7) Rachel Wolcott, b. 1812 Fairmont WV, d. 1872; m. Burr P. Marstiller 1847 Marion Co. WV.
(6) Caleb Wilcott, b. c. 1763 Mispillion DE, d. 1795 Mispillion DE; Caleb, Nancy, and George Wilcuts were joint owners of a house at Mispillion DE in 1801; administration of Caleb Wilcut's estate granted to widow, Nancy 1795. 1790 Mispillion, DE.
(7) Caleb Wilcott, b. 1792 Mispillion DE, d. 1868 Bear DE; served in War of 1812; Kent Co. Sheriff 1840-42, Justice of the Peace 1858-1865; m. Mary Ann ___. 1830 Cedar Creek DE. 1840 Milford Hundred DE. 1860 Smyrna DE.
(7) John Wilcott, b. c.1794. Cedar Creek DE 1830-60.
(7) Levin Wolcott, b. 1788 Mispillion Hundred DE, farmer at Murderkill 1810, tavernkeeper there; purchased 200 acres in North Murderkill; justice of the peace 1826; m. Susannah Buckmaster 1819 Kent Co. DE
(6) George Wilcott, b. c.1765 Mispillion DE, d. 1811 Odessa DE; joint owner with Caleb Wilcott of property at Mispillion 1801; 1810 St. George Hundred , New Castle Hundred DE, b. 1765-85 with 2 males and 1 female b. 1785-95.
(6) Parnell Wilcott. 1767 Mispillion, Delaware.
(6) Josias Wilcott, b. c.1768 Mispillion DE, d. 1788 Mispillion; administration of his estated granted 1788; m. Rachel Tharp 1785 Kent Co. DE.
(6) Martha Wilcott, b. c.1770 Mispillion DE.
(6) William Wilcott, b. c.1773 Mispillion DE, d. c.1840. 1790-1840 Mispillion DE. 1820-40 he owned 4 slaves; m. Unity Berry 1825 Kent Co. DE.
(6) Levi Wilcott, b. c.1775 Mispillion DE. Leven was on the 1790 census at Mispillion, and was a farmer at Murderkill DE in 1810 with 3 sons and 1 daughter; tavern keeper at Murderkill DE 1820; purchased 200 acres in North Murderkill, Justice of the Peace 1826. In 1850 he was in the Murderkill Almshouse, insane; m. Mary ____.
(7) Josiah Wilcott, b. 1793 Kent Co. DE. He was a farmer at Milford DE in 1850; m. (1) unknown, m. (2) Elizabeth Chambers 1820 Kent Co. DE, m. (3) Elizabeth Dorman c. 1830 Mispillion Hundred DE.
(6) Joseph Wilcott, Jr., b. c. 1773 Mispillion DE.
(6) Susannah Wilcott, b. c. 1774 Mispillion DE; m. Philip Stark 1797 Kent Co. DE.
(6) Sarah "Sally" Wilcott, b. c.1778 Mispillion DE; m. Benjamin Chipman Jr. 1794 Kent Co. DE.
(6) Mary "Polly" Wilcott, b. c.1781 Mispillion DE.
(6) David Wilcott, b. c.1783 Mispillion DE, d. 1794.
(6) Nancy Wilcott, b. c.1785 Mispillion DE.
(4) Hannah Woolcott, b. 1691 Brookfield MA, d. 1693.
(4) Rebecca Woolcott, b. c.1694; m. David Jones, lived Oyster Bay NY.
(4) Sarah Woolcott, b. c.1696, lived Newtown MA.
(4) Josiah Woolcott, b. c. 1700; in 1733, Josiah Woolcott of Brookfield, cordwainer, coveyed his rights in the estate of his grandfather, John Woolcott, deceased, to his uncle, John Woolcott of Brookfield for 25 pounds.
(3) Elizabeth Woolcott, b. 1666 Newbury MA.
(3) Martha Woolcott, b. 1670 Newbury MA.
(3) Lydia Woolcott, b. 1674 Newbury MA.
(3) Hannah Woolcott, b. 1679 Newbury MA, d. 1745 Norwich CT; m. Samuel Crocker 1697 Norwich CT.
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